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Production or Inspection of Documents or Things

Civil Procedure Production or Inspection of Documents or Things

Section 1. Motion for production or inspection; order. — Upon motion of any party showing good cause therefor, the court in which an action is pending may (a) order any party to produce and permit the inspection and copying or photographing, by or on behalf of the moving party, of any designated documents, papers, books, accounts, letters, photographs, objects or tangible things, not privileged, which constitute or contain evidence material to any matter involved in the action and which are in his possession, custody or control, or (b) order any party to permit entry upon designated land or other property in his possession or control for the purpose of inspecting, measuring, surveying, or photographing the property or any designated relevant object or operation thereon. The order shall specify the time, place and manner of making the inspection and taking copies and photographs, and may prescribe such terms and conditions as are just. (Rule 27, Rules of Court)

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Procedure


1. A motion must be filed by the party seeking the production or inspection of documents and things and the motion must show good cause supporting the same. 

2. The court in which the action is pending shall issue an order:

(a) which shall specify the time, place and manner of making the inspection and taking copies and photographs, and

(b) which may prescribe such terms and conditions as are just. 


What the court may order


(a) To PRODUCE and PERMIT THE INSPECTION and copying or photographing, by or on behalf of the moving party, of any documents, papers, books, accounts, letters, photographs, objects or tangible things, not privileged, which constitute or contain evidence material to any matter involved in the action and which are in the possession, custody or control of the party to whom the order is addressed.

(b) To PERMIT ENTRY upon designated land or other property in the position or control of the party to whom the order is addressed for the purpose of inspecting, measuring, surveying, or photographing the property or any designated relevant object or operation thereon. 


Note: 


This mode of discovery does not mean that the person who is required to produce the document or the thing will be deprived of its possession even temporarily. It is enough that the requesting party be given the opportunity to inspect or copy or photograph the document or take a look at the thing. (Regalado)

 

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