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Evidence: Rule 128 - General Provisions

Rule 128
General Provisions

Sec. 1 . Evidence defined. — Evidence is the means, sanctioned by these rules, of ascertaining in a judicial proceeding the truth respecting a matter of fact.

Sec. 2 . Scope. — The rules of evidence shall be the same in all courts and in all trials and hearings, except as otherwise provided by law or these rules. 

Sec. 3 . Admissibility of evidence. — Evidence is admissible when it is relevant to the issue and is not excluded by the law of these rules. 

Sec. 4 . Relevancy; collateral matters. — Evidence must have such a relation to the fact in issue as to induce belief in its existence or non-existence. Evidence on collateral matters shall not be allowed, except when it tends in any reasonable degree to establish the probability or improbability of the fact in issue. (Rule 128, Rules of Court)

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